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The Right Downstream, Midstream and Upstream Mix for SSLNG

A Renewed Energy

A renewed energy has been building in the gas market in recent months. The prize is a new tier of non-traditional, low demand, customers looking to source feed stock for LNG marine bunkering, micro power grids and isolated heavy industry. The key to accessing this new market is efficient small scale LNG distribution.

Forecast Demand for SSLNG

The problem faced in the industry is how to manage and model the extensive variables associated with the small scale LNG distribution value chain. You only have to play with a few scenarios of multiple customers at various locations to see that the geo-political, economic, technological and logistics risks are very challenging.  

There are a phenomenal number of different upstream, midstream (shipping) and downstream (import terminal/regas) combinations that could be applied. Consequently, there is no one universal plug and play solution that will cover all scenarios and their associated risks. 

Small Scale LNG Roadmap

BE&R have developed a high level road map illustrating the various potential components of small scale LNG distribution. We recommend that project initiators, be they LNG suppliers, infrastructure suppliers or end-user utilities, obtain specialist independent third party assistance to help successfully navigate small scale LNG distribution. 

Upstream

  • FRSU Infrastructure
    • Modifications to infrastructure to interface with midstream vessel size range
    • LNG transfer options
    • SIMOPS impacts
    • Additional storage / capacity required on FSRU?
  • LNG Supply
    • Modifications to infrastructure to interface with midstream vessel size range
    • LNG transfer options
    • SIMOPS impacts
    • Additional storage / capacity required on FSRU?

Midstream

  • What type of break bulking (small LNGC, bullets or ISOs)
  • Cryogenic pipeline length limitations
  • Location and footprint of truck loading facility
  • Number of ISO containers required
  • Sizing and design of ISO container barge
  • Offloading requirements
  • Available LNG carriers? (small or conventional)
  • Optimize value chain: Number of vessels, speed and capacity drive downstream LNG storage capacity and buffer  requirement

Upstream

  • Identify Market
    • MW demand
    • Vessel suitability for conversion
    • Routes
    • Ports of call
    • Other LNG users
  • Identify Key Stakeholders
    • Local government
    • Existing Fuel suppliers
    • Port authority
    • Ship owners
    • LNG vendors
    • Public
  • Partner With Key Stakeholders
    • Share the investment risk
    • Maximize chance of LNG uptake
    • Capture demand
    • Align schedules

To find out more about what mix of solutions might best enhance your small scale LNG journey contact us at BE&R Consulting